Get a reputable roofing contractor. Roofing companies become more important the older the home becomes. Knowing when to replace your roof is not something you think about often or check unless it's pouring rain and water is pouring in your home. With our hectic lives, it is easy to forget about the need to maintain your roof, but putting it off can cause more problems.
It is important to inspect your roof at least twice a year to look for any signs of damage. By doing so, you'll be able to make any necessary repairs or might have to bite the bullet and replace your roof. Finding damage is early can save a lot of money in the long run.
1. Light coming through your roof. inspect dark side of the roof either in your attic, or in your garage, and see if light is actually shining through your roofing materials. The best time to do this is when it is dark enough inside with the lights out but bright enough outside to see the light coming in. Light coming from your roof could mean that you actually have holes in your roof, which should be fixed as soon as possible. Jack your roof to see if repairs could fix the damage or whether an entire roof replacement is necessary.
2. Moss and mold growth. Lookout for moss and mold growing on the outside of your roof. The roofing shingles themselves could force apart and create gaps that let in water. If you see signs of moss or mildew, fix it as soon as you can; If you don't it could continue to grow mold, fungi, and bacteria, causing damage to both the roof as well as the underside decking. If this continues, a new roof might be required.
3. Water damage. Water damage can be fine in a number of ways, everything from stains, water-marks on your ceiling, the smell of mold; all of these could easily be attributed to water coming in from your roofing. Many times, it is mistaken that it is coming in through windows or other openings, when it is truly a roof leak. Although sometimes those assumptions are true , designs also might mean you need to replace your roof or at least make repairs. Even the smallest stains, watermarks or mold can mean the water has seeped in from your roof or that your roof has leaks.
4. Gutters full of debris. Be sure to check your gutters 4 pieces of roofing materials, or sand Lake granules. The granules are the materials that protect the top of your shingles. If the granules are falling off, in rolling down into the gutters, that could be signs that your shingles are failing. A few here and there are OK, but if you notice an increase in granules, this may be a warning sign and a time to consider replacement.
5. Attic leaks. If you find water in your attic, and it is usually a sign of circular stains on the walls or ceilings, or actual dripping of water, or notice the paint is bubbling or blistering, these are all signs that water is getting into your attic through your roof. Attic leaks are sometimes isolated, and can be limited to local repairs.
6. Slow Drip Leaking. Most roofs actually leak four five years prior to homeowners becoming aware of the leaks. The leak will drip water into the attic, getting caught in the attic insulation which acts like a sponge, is not enough water to create a water stain or ceiling stain, an evaporate. That cycle continues for a number of years before any damage or science of damage have appeared and people notice.
7. Aging Roof. We saved the most obvious for last; roofs last approximately 15 to 25 years, and sometimes roof replacement, while obvious, wants to be put off for as long of a time as possible. The challenges that while your roof might not show obvious signs of leaking, damage is taking place underneath the roof and causing extensive repairs that will be needed at the time of roof replacement.
Moving falls into 2 categories, steep slope or low slope roofing. When people used to ask me how to tell the difference, I used to say, “throw a tennis ball up on the roof”, and if the ball rolls off quickly it is most likely a steep slope roof. If it comes off very slowly, or not at all, most likely it is a low slope roof.
At Professional Home Improvements, we measure the steepness of your roof at our free roof consultation.
Pitched Roofing (Steep Slope)
Steep slope roofs refers to roofing material suitable for roofs greater than 3 inches in 12 inches of run.
Composition shingles are the most commonly used steep slope roofing material used on roofs in the United States. Professional home improvements install many composition shingles that are energy efficiency and qualify with the Energy Star® rating designed to save you energy.
Wood Shake & Shingle
Wood shakes in wood shingles were very popular on homes built about through the 1980s, the limited amount of 1st growth Cedar is extremely limited and making the cost of wood shakes or shingles much higher and have a shorter lifespan. They are helpful though with energy efficiency by keeping your attic cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter.
Concrete tile common most commonly used for new construction, is not an option for residential re-roofing without the need for structural engineer and design.
Metal roofing today comes in many shapes, such as the traditional standing seam roofing, as well as roofing designed to simulate would shake, wood shingle, barrel tile, flat tile, and standard S tile. Many metal roofs come with the Energy Star® rating and qualify as a Green Energy building product .
Synthetic (lightweight) Tile and Shake
Lightweight tile and shake are similar to the concrete tile with roughly 40% less weight then their concrete counterparts, With shapes of flat tile, shake, barrel or curved tile.
Flat Roofing (Low Slope)
Flat roofing, or low slope roofing, is one that slopes 2 inches in 12 inches to 4 inches in 12 inches of run. Because flat roofing will tend to drain slower then steeped sloped roofs roofing products such as tile or composition shingles that rely on gravity to work are not used. Instead, we use various membrane roofing on flat roofs.
Historically, flat roofing was commonly known as tar and gravel or built up roofing. As the name implies , built up roofing has been a traditional roofing system for flat roofs in the United States over the last 100 years . Built up roofing is basically multiple layers of roofing felt, applied in a fashion with the waterproofing material to form a 2, 3, 4, or 5 apply roofing system which a surface gravel or cap-sheet is applied to protect the layers. Both the asphalt and car are applied at high temperatures, which is important to the quality of the system. The acceptable temperature range is where it is hot enough to adequately bond applies together as well as provide waterproofing characteristics. The main problems are the heat and odors which can cause safety and health concerns.
Today, TPO (Thermoplasti Olefin) is the fastest-growing segment of the single-ply roofing industry. TPO sheets range in thickness from 40-80 mils. TPO is considered the new membrane, with claims of recyclability and environmentally friendly materials.
Steps to Steep Slope Roof Installation:
1. Pull local building permit.
2. Tear off and dispose your existing roofing materials down to the solid deck or skip sheeting and dispose of all roofing materials.
3. Inspect entire roof for any dry rot. Dry rot repairs are generally NOT included in your roofing estimate. The reason for this, is that dry rot , while sometimes visible from under the roofing, many times is not visible until the entire roof is removed. Once the roof is repaired, we do a thorough roof inspection , and replace any rotted or bug infested would. The new wood is primed, not painted.
4. If your existing roof is would shake (or sometimes, but rarely tile), the roof decking will consist of “skip sheathing”. We will install a solid deck on top of this skip sheathing. If a solid deck exists, we will not install a new deck over the top of it.
Install GAF Lifetime Roofing System: Click Here To Open GAF System Plus Weather Stopper Warranty
1. Install GAF Leak Barriers To the most vulnerable areas of your roof. These areas often experience the most exposure to water and wind driven rain which causes leaks.
3. Install GAF Starter Strip Shingles at all evens to help prevent shingle blow off.
4. Install GAF Shingles (GAF Timberline® Shingles are the #1 – selling shingles in North America)
5. Install GAF Attic Ventilation. A balanced attic ventilation system allows cool, dry air to enter the attic and exhausts moist, super-heated air.
6. Install GAF Ridge Cap Shingles at the hip and ridge areas of the roof to help provide maximum protection, and color coordinated from the factory to provide a complimentary match to your new shingles.
Final Clean Up & Walkthrough
1. All the breeze in excess roofing materials or removed from the roof and around your home and the garage.
2. We recommend a final walkthrough to ensure the roofing is complete to your satisfaction .
3. We file all the necessary paperwork for your system including warranty registration.
Things to consider
1. During the job, please keep small children and animals inside and away from the roofing area for their safety.
2. Please keep children (and us fun seeking adults) away from the ladder. If you walk under it, superstition says 13 years bad luck.
3. A roofing permit will be hung on the fence or a visible location for the inspector’s signatures. Please leave it until it is completely signed off. We will need a copy, but it will be yours to keep for your files.
4. This is a construction project and will be loud during the 2 to 3 days of installation.
picture of roof slope